- End of Annex Seminar Session 1
- Improved maintenance & Integrating renewables
- End of Annex Seminar Session 2
- 4th generation district heating & universal calculation model for primary energy factors
Annex X started in May 2011 and ended in April 2014.The following countries participated in Annex X: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Korea, Germany, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States of America.
Below there is a list of the research projects undertaken by IEA DHC within the framework of Annex X.
Annex X Projects
Project title (click for detailed information)
Improved maintenance strategies for district heating pipelines
SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden
Economic and Design Optimization in Integrating Renewable Energy and Waste Heat with District Energy Systems
FVB Energy Inc., USA
Towards Fourth Generation District Heating: Experiences with and Potential of Low Temperature District Heating
Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
Development of an Universal Calculation Model and Calculation Tool for Primary Energy Factors and CO2 Equivalents in District Heating and Cooling including CHP
SINTEF Energy Research